Subhas Chandra Bose played an important role in Indian independence movement. He gave the slogan “you give me blood I will give you freedom” and integrated whole country to combat against British empire.
He was a genius, visionary, and courageous person. He had a great understanding of economy, bureaucracy, social-civics, diplomacy and geo-political partnership.
His contribution to overthrow British rule left a mark on the heart of millions of people. Hitler, a dictator and one of the powerful leaders, impressed by him and ordered to his soldiers to pay salute him.
He was honoured as ‘Netaji’. Now he is known as Netaji in all over in India.
Childhood life and Education
Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack of Bengal province, now Cuttack is a district of orisha state. His father’s name was Jankinath Bose, and mother name was Pravawati Bose. He completed his schooling from Baptist missions’ protestant European school, Cuttack. His father wanted him to join Indian civil service exam. He went to England after college to take participation in ICS examination. That time barely, an Indian could participate and pass the exam. He passed with a good rank in first vital exam but left it without giving final routine exam because he did not want to work under British rule.
Contribution in Indian national movement
Bose wanted a free and self-governing India. After returning India in 1921 Bose joined the nationalist movement that was leading in the leadership of mahatma Gandhi. In the pact of Gandhi-Erwin, Erwin convinced for dominion status in 1928. Gandhiji represented it in Kolkata session in 1930 but Bose was not agreed with this, he wanted completed freedom and in Lahore session of 1930, he hoisted the flag for ‘Poorna swaraj’. He became the president of congress in1938. In the re-election of 1939, he won against Gandhiji supported candidate Sitaramayya. After this a conflict were seen between his and congress leaders on the matter of future setup of British India and princely states, he resigned as congress president with the massive numbers of supporters and laid the foundation of ‘All India froward bloc party’.
He went to Germany in April 1941 and met Hitler. He influenced him by his skills, diplomatic ideas and a high level of strategic mind. On 1 September 1942 in Japan, Bose laid the foundation of Indian national army with the help of Japan. In the army many soldiers joined who were British Indian soldiers and detained by Japan in Singapore war. He had also a women regiment ‘laxmibai’ on the name of queen of Jhansi. On 23 October 1943, INA announced war and attack driven from Manipur but in the counterattack of British army, INA withdrawed.
The attack of 1943 and the contribution of INA encouraged every Indian to overthrow the British empire and finally India become independent on 15 august 1947.
in an aeroplane crash in Taiwan, he said goodbye the world on 18 august 1945.