Steps to Prepare for a Career in Environmental Law

Steps to Prepare for a Career in Environmental Law


Preparing for a career in environmental law requires a strong educational foundation and a comprehensive understanding of legal principles and environmental issues. This article outlines the steps to take in order to pursue a successful career in environmental law, including the educational requirements and recommended courses of action.

Undergraduate Education

  1. Choose a Relevant Major: While there is no specific undergraduate major required for environmental law, selecting a relevant field of study can provide a solid foundation. Majors such as environmental science, political science, biology, or environmental studies can offer valuable insights into environmental issues and policy frameworks.
  2. Develop Strong Writing and Research Skills: Effective written and research skills are crucial for success in law school and a career in environmental law. Take courses that emphasize critical thinking, persuasive writing, and research methodologies to enhance these skills.
  3. Study Environmental Law and Policy: Take advantage of undergraduate courses focused on environmental law, policy, or sustainability. These courses provide a basic understanding of environmental legal frameworks and serve as a strong starting point for further study in law school.
  4. Participate in Environmental Organizations: Join environmental organizations or clubs on campus to deepen your engagement with environmental issues. These extracurricular activities can enhance your understanding of environmental challenges and demonstrate your commitment to the field.

Law School Preparation

  1. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree: Complete your undergraduate degree with strong academic performance. Maintain a competitive GPA and seek opportunities for leadership, community service, and research experiences to strengthen your law school applications.
  2. Prepare for the LSAT: The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized exam that assesses analytical and logical reasoning skills. Prepare for the LSAT by utilizing study materials, taking practice tests, and considering LSAT prep courses to achieve a competitive score.
  3. Research Law Schools: Research and identify law schools with strong environmental law programs. Consider factors such as faculty expertise, environmental law clinics, specialized courses, and access to internships or externships in the field of environmental law.
  4. Apply to Law School: Prepare a compelling law school application that highlights your academic achievements, extracurricular involvement, work experience, and passion for environmental law. Craft a compelling personal statement that articulates your commitment to environmental issues and your aspirations as an environmental lawyer.

Law School Education

  1. Complete a Juris Doctor (J.D.) Degree: Enroll in a law school program and earn a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree. During your legal education, take advantage of environmental law courses, clinics, and specialized programs offered by your law school.
  2. Participate in Environmental Law Clinics: Law schools often offer environmental law clinics where students gain practical experience by working on real cases under faculty supervision. These clinics allow you to develop practical skills and contribute to environmental law practice.
  3. Take Relevant Elective Courses: Select elective courses that align with your specific interests within environmental law, such as climate change law, natural resources law, or land use law. These courses deepen your understanding of specialized areas within the field.
  4. Engage in Externships and Internships: Seek opportunities for externships or internships with law firms, government agencies, or environmental organizations. These experiences provide practical exposure, enhance your skills, and expand your professional network.

Post-Graduate Opportunities

  1. Obtain Admission to the Bar: After completing law school, pass the bar examination in the state(s) where you intend to practice. Bar admission is a requirement to practice law and opens doors to a wide range of legal opportunities.
  2. Consider an LL.M. Degree: Pursuing a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree in environmental law or a related field can further enhance your knowledge and expertise in the area. An LL.M. degree can open doors to advanced research, teaching positions, and specialized legal careers.
  3. Join Professional Associations: Become a member of professional associations focused on environmental law, such as the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources or the Environmental Law Institute (ELI). Membership provides access to resources, networking opportunities, and professional development events.
  4. Continuing Education: Stay updated on developments in environmental law through continuing education programs, conferences, and seminars. Continuing education allows you to stay current on legal trends, network with professionals, and deepen your expertise in specialized areas.


Preparing for a career in environmental law requires a strong educational foundation and a commitment to environmental issues. Completing an undergraduate degree in a relevant field, excelling on the LSAT, attending a reputable law school with strong environmental law programs, and actively participating in environmental organizations and clinics are essential steps in the process. Continually seeking opportunities for professional development and engaging with professional associations will further enhance your career prospects in environmental law. By following these steps and demonstrating your passion for environmental advocacy, you can embark on a fulfilling career dedicated to protecting the environment and promoting sustainability.

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