Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda, Biography, Education, Contribution, National Youth Day

A Short Biography

Swami Vivekananda was an Indian monk who represented India on 9 September 1893 in the parliament of religions, Chicago. After given the speech the American newspaper, American herald written “Vivekananda is undoubtly a great figure in the parliament of world religions. After hearing him we feel how foolish it is to send missionaries to this nation.”

Swami Vivekananda given the speech by starting “brothers and sisters of America” after this line the hall sounded for a minute by clapping seven thousand of people

He gave the massage of tolerance and universal acceptance. He denied the discrimination based on genders, religions, colours, regions and languages. He believed that all the religions of world are one and the goal of all is to attain God.

Subhas Chandra Bose said about him “Swamiji was a full-blooded masculine personality. A fighter to the care of being.”

Rabindranath Tagore was also influenced by Swamiji. Tagore said about him ‘if you have to know about India you should read about swami Vivekananda.’

The philosophy and the ideas were very inspirational for the youth of India so the government of India declared in 1984 to celebrate the birthday of Vivekananda ,12 January, as national youth day.

His famous quote is ‘Arise! Awake! And stop not until your goals Achieved.’

Childhood life and education

Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in a Bengali family in Kolkata. His father’s name was Viswanath dutt and mother name was bhuneshwari devi. His name was Narendra Nath dutt but by affectionate he was called Naren. He brought up in religious atmosphere. The idealist and progressive attitude of his father and religious nature of his mother help to setup him as a thinking and spiritual personality. He completed his schooling from iswar Chandra Vidyanagar’s metropolitan institution and completed graduation in1884 from general assemble institution Kolkata. He read philosophy, religion history, social science, art and literature. He was also interested in Hindu scriptures including the Vedas, the Ramayana, the Bhagwat Gita and the puranas.

Speech in parliament of religions

Swamiji had reached America before the six months of parliament of religions. On the time of his calling, he came on the stage and tunned everyone with starting the speech with “my brothers and sisters of America”. He described the principle of Vedanta and their spiritual importance, with the outing Hinduism on the map of the world.

Establishment of Ramakrishna mission

 He returned to India in 1897 and laid the foundation of Ramakrishna mission on 1 may 1897 at belur math in Kolkata. The primary goal of mission was made realize of educated person towards the weaker section of the society and help him to exclude from poverty and social backwardness and spread propaganda of Indian Vedas in western countries. Schools and hostels were established in rural, urban and tribes areas and Advanta canters established in western countries.


On 1st July 1902 at the age of 39, he said goodbye the world while mediating at belur math.

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